What is Encryption in Computer Software?

18-10-2023 | Property Development

Every modern computer includes tools to encrypt data in order to make it inaccessible to anyone without the appropriate key. What is encryption and how does it work? This article explains how encryption can protect sensitive information from hackers.

Data encryption read this is the process of converting the information that is readable into a coded form that can only be deciphered by using the right password by authorized users. It is a vital component of cyber-security that ensures the security of data and protects sensitive data from unauthorised users.

A popular form of encryption utilizes cryptographic mathematical models that turn the original information into a muddled collection of characters that aren’t read (known as ciphertext). Encryption algorithms “scrambles” individual bits in a random manner so that it would take an immense amount of computing power to find the key and convert back to plaintext.

For example, if you use the most common form of encryption, referred to AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) on your digital files, every one of the zeros and ones that comprise it is scrambled ten times, creating an uni-random pattern. Without the right key to understand it, the computer will have to run for an extremely long time to arrange them to the correct order.

Encryption is also employed to prevent data leaks and ransomware. Hackers who steal encrypted data cannot read the data and cannot blackmail the company, or the person who is involved with the threat to release the stolen data onto the dark web. The encryption also safeguards backup systems from hackers, since they cannot access the data in its original format.

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